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Feelings About Neighborhood is a questionnaire developed for Fast Track that was modified from one described by Sampson et al. (1997) to measure “informal social control” and “social cohesion and trust.” These two dimensions were later collapsed into a single latent construct (“Collective Efficacy”). In the Sampson et al. (1997) paper, five items measured “informal social control” by obtaining ratings of the likelihood of neighbor intervention under specific circumstances; items were rated on a 5-point scale. In the Fast Track study, “informal social control” was measured by three of these items rated on a 4-point scale (Very Unlikely, Unlikely, Likely, Very Likely). Scenarios included estimates of neighbor intervention when youth in the neighborhood skipped school, spray-painted graffiti on local buildings, or showed disrespect to others. “Social cohesion and trust” in the Sampson et al. (1997) paper was again measured by five items on a 5-point scale; in the Fast Track study, items were reworded and a 5-point scale was used (Strong Disagree, Disagree, Neither Agree or Disagree, Agree, Strongly Agree). Two items were also added (“People in your neighborhood watch out for one another” and “Given the opportunity, you would like to move out of this neighborhood”).
A total scale score was developed after reverse-scoring item 10 (“Given the opportunity, you would like to move out of this neighborhood”). Since items measuring “informal social control” and “social cohesion and trust” were rated utilizing different scales, ratings were standardized (M=0.0, SD=1.0). Item z-scores were averaged to yield a score reflecting Collective Efficacy.
Although there is a slight negative skew in the normative and control samples, the Collective Efficacy scale is fairly normally distributed.
Raw Dataset Name: CxAZ
Scored Dataset Name: FANySCc
Community Responsibility, Social Integration, Community Identification, Neighborhood Involvement