Observer Impressions Reliability (PCIT)

Abstract

The Observer Impressions Reliability is a measure consisting of global ratings of the mother child interaction used to compare and assess reliability of the interviewers’ scores. See the technical report for a detailed description of the process .

The Parent-Child Interaction Task (PCIT) was administered to the child and the parent as part of the summer interview in the child’s home. Two measures are included in the PCIT: the Behavioral Coding System (BCS; Forehand & McMahon, 1981) and the Interaction Ratings Scale (Crnic and Greenberg, 1990). The PCIT is comprised of four separate segments, which occur in the following sequence: Child’s Game (free play, 5 minutes), Parent’s Game (parent-directed play, 5 minutes), Lego Task (5 minutes), and Clean-Up (3 minutes). The BCS is used by the child interviewer to record both parent behaviors and child behaviors during each task; the amount of time for each task and the total time are also recorded and used in the scoring of the subscales. The child interviewer then completes the IRS, which is a set of 16 global ratings of the mother and child with respect to gratification, sensitivity, and involvement, after each of the 4 tasks that the parent and child complete together.

Three sets of observations were carried out for the parent and child. The Daily Debriefing Task is an initial set of interactions where both parent and child are observed and scored as they get ready for a specific following task. The Problem Solving Task is an activity where both parent and child interact in order to resolve an assignment. The Planning a Positive Activity Task is an action driven activity both parent and child carried out. The observer scores the parent and child separately on frequency of interactions with values “Zero times", "1 time" and "2 or more times". The observer proceeds to score the extent to which parent and child stay on task versus interruptions with values "Never/hardly ever", "Sometimes" and "Much of the time". Finally, the observer provides an overall score of involvement in the task for parent and child separately.

Analysts should note that distribution properties for these scores might be nonnormal due to the small sample sizes involved and the nature of the variable construction. The scores still retain a level of subjectivity from the observer’s viewpoint.

Dataset Names

Raw Dataset Name: OyM_REL
Scored Dataset Name: OIRySOc

Keywords

Inappropriate Behavior, Express Feelings, Praise, Negative Physical Contact, Positive Physical Contact, Positive Involvement, Negative Involvement, Family Realistic Solutions