Things That Happen To Me

Abstract

Things That Happen To Me explores how a child might interact with other children in social situations. An interviewer reads descriptions of eight scenarios. The child is asked to imagine that he/she is present in each scenario, and wants to achieve a goal that another child is blocking. There are a group of seven items for each of the eight scenarios. Six of the items in each group concern the three outcomes (instrumental, friendship, and "liking") using an assertive response and an aggressive response. One item in each group concerns what the child sees as the social objective of the scenario.

This measure contains several types of subscales. First, six scores are calculated by summing the point values of items in each category across the scenarios. The resulting sum scores are: Assertive Instrumental, Aggressive Instrumental, Assertive Friendship, Aggressive Friendship, Assertive Liking, and Aggressive Liking

A second set of scores is calculated by adding two or more of the sum scores. The additive subscales are: Assertive Endorsement (adds the three assertive sum scores), Aggressive Endorsement (adds the three aggressive sum scores), Instrumental Self Efficacy (adds the two instrumental sum scores), Friendship Confidence (adds the two friendship sum scores), Liking Confidence (adds the two liking sum scores), and Goal Optimism (adds all the assertive and aggressive sum scores).

The third set of subscales estimates the respondent's preference for an aggressive or an assertive approach to each goal type. These subscales are subtractive and include: Nonaggressive Instrumental Endorsement (Assertive Instrumental score - Aggressive Instrumental score), Nonaggressive Friendship Endorsement (Assertive Friendship score - Aggressive Friendship score), Nonaggressive Liking Endorsement (Assertive Liking score- Aggressive Liking score), and Endorsement of NonAggression (sum of Assertive Scores - sum of Aggressive scores)

A final score - Relationship Goals Instrumental/Social score - estimates the importance to the respondent of instrumental goals, as opposed to social acceptance. This score is generated using the 7th item for each scenario: "What is more important to you?" (instrumental goal or social acceptance). Points are tallied for this score: when a respondent chooses social acceptance ("liking"), one point is added; when the respondent chooses instrumental goal, one point is subtracted.

T-tests of means for scores do not show a significant difference between the normative and control samples on any of the subscales for this measure. The Assertive Liking score is slightly negatively skewed for both the normative and control samples, with a ceiling effect in the normative group (41% of the scores are at the maximum of 8). Aggressive Friendship, Aggressive Liking, and Aggressive Endorsement scores are slightly positively skewed for both samples. The Relationship Goals score is slightly negatively skewed in both samples, with a ceiling effect in both samples (55% of scores are at the maximum of 8 in the normative group, and 51% in the control group). The Nonaggressive Friendship Endorsement score is slightly negatively skewed for the control group.

Among the subscales, several have mid to high alpha coefficients, and should be useful. They are: Goal Optimism, Aggressive Endorsement, Assertive Endorsement, and Aggressive Liking. Other subscales are in the low to middle range, and may be useful in some studies, depending on the construct of interest. Alpha coefficients were not calculated for the Nonaggressive Endorsement scores, the Relationship Goals Instrumental/Social score, and the Endorsement of Nonaggression score.

Dataset Names

Raw Dataset Name: CyF
Scored Dataset Name: THMySCc

Keywords

Peer Relationships, Social Skills, Assertiveness, Aggressiveness, Social Acceptance, Friendship