What Do You Think

Abstract

The What Do You Think stories (WYT) were first administered in Year 5. To date, the instrument has been administered to cohorts 1 and 2 in year 5, and cohort 1 in year 6.

The interviewer reads a series of six stories to the respondent and follows each story with a series of questions. The first three stories involve a problematic peer situation. The last three stories depict problematic situations involving an interaction with an adult authority figure.

Each question (except the free response) are coded on a five point scale (1=yes, definitely; 2= yes, probably; 3=maybe yes, maybe no; 4= no, probably; 5=no, definitely not). As part of the computation process, the scale points are reversed for all scores such that higher scores indicate more anger, sadness, hostile attributions, etc.

Initially, 21 scores are created. The scores represent the answers to each question collapsed across the six stories. In addition, for the free responses, scores are created indexing the proportion of answers scored into each or the 8 categories. Scores were computed for all subjects with data from 3 or more stories.

Five second order scores are created by combining two or more of the first order scores. The second order scores were computed for the subjects having valid scores for both of the first order variables:

The five second order variables are appropriate for most analyses (assuming the hostile/benign dimension is acceptable). Although the higher order variables are not more reliable than the first order measures, the first order variables my suffer more from floor and ceiling effects. Only two of the proportion scores have acceptable psychometric properties (aggression and assertive/competent). The other response categories appeared very infrequently.

Note that all variables are collapsed across peer and adult situations. Exploratory analyses indicated that this was an acceptable approach that did not dramatically alter the psychometric properties of the variables. However, additional scores my be computed using only the adult, or only the peer stories.

Dataset Names

Raw Dataset Name: CyK, CyL
Scored Dataset Name: WYTySCc

Keywords

Peer Relationships, Conflict Resolution, Aggression, Self Control, Social Skills, Teacher Authority, Punishment, Attribution, Police Contact.