Parent-Child Communication, Parent Report

Adapted from the Revised Parent-Adolescent Communication Form of the Pittsburgh Youth Study (see Loeber, Farrington, Stouthamer-Loeber, & van Kammen, 1998; Thornberry, Huizinga, & Loeber, 1995). Pittsburgh Youth Study, The Department of Psychiatry of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.


The Parent-Child Communication Scale, Parent Report is a 20-item measure which assesses primary caregivers' perceptions of their openness to communication and their children's communication skills. The answers are coded along 5-point scales where 1 represents "almost never" and 5 represents "almost always."

Two different methods for scaling will be presented. Each scale score was calculated by taking an average of the items comprising the scale. None of the observations were missing 50% or more data. The primary scaling procedure follows the method used in the Technical Report generated on Grade 4 (McMahon, Jones, & Kim, 1997), generating a Parent Communication and a Child Communication scale. An alternate scaling procedure was informed by exploratory factor analyses on the Normative sample, conducted separately for parent and child items. A more detailed discussion of the alternate scaling procedure can be found in the addendum.

To be consistent with the previous technical report, the general Parent and Child Communication scales should be used. For analysts interested in the distinction between children's listening skills and their openness with their parent, the alternate scales will be most useful. Note that item 20 ("Do you and your child come to a solution when you solve a problem?") involves both the parent and child. It is used as part of the Child Communication scale in the primary scaling, but in the Parent Communication scale in the alternate scaling. Similar constructs, although measured by different combinations of items, can be found on the Parent-Child Communication, Parent Report measure.

Dataset Names

Raw Dataset Name: PyX
Scored Dataset Name: PCPySPc


Discipline, Punishment, Communication, Rewards, Positive Parenting, Empathy, Parent Child Relationship.