People in My Life (Primary Caregiver & Friends)


The People in My Life measure utilized in Fast Track is a 30-item self-report instrument designed to measure attachment to parents and peers in middle childhood. It was derived from a longer, 76 item instrument (by the same name) developed by Cook, Greenberg, and Kusche (1995). People in My Life was included in the child instrument battery in study years 5 & 6.

The abbreviated version of People in My Life utilized by Fast Track contains only 30 of the measures' original items. All of the items pertaining to school and neighborhood have been eliminated as have several items pertaining to parent and peer relationships. Given the substantial changes this measure has undergone since its inception, exploratory factor analyses (using Harris-Keiser rotation) were conducted. Results reveal four eigenvalues greater than 1.0. Examination of the three and four factor solutions suggests that the three-factor solution minimizes dual loadings and provides the best conceptual fit to the data. These three factors and their corresponding items are listed below:

  • Positive representation of parents-RP1, RP2, RP3, RP4, RP5, RP6, RP7, RP8, RP9, RP15;
  • Positive representation of peers-RF1, RF2, RF3, RF4, RF5, RF6, RF7, RF8, RF9, RF15;
  • Negative representation of parents & peers-RP10, RP11, RP12, RP13, RP14, RF10, RF11, RF12, RF13, RF14

For most research purposes, scoring recommendations are to use the three scaled scores described above. Two additional scoring variations may be considered to answer certain research questions. First, research on the original version of People in My Life suggests that two broad band scales reflecting attachment to parent and attachment to peers (including items p1-p15 and f1-f15, respectively, with negatively toned items reversed scored) may be acceptable. These scaled scores are included in the SAS scoring program (pmlXpatt and pmlXfatt, respectively) and information regarding their internal consistency and sample differences can be found in Appendix A. Additionally, a four factor model in which the positive representation of parents is further broken down into two subscales (positive communication, p5-p8, and acceptance, p1-p4, p9, p12, & p15) also provides an acceptable fit to the data.

Dataset Names

Raw Dataset Name: CyR
Scored Dataset Name: PMLySCc


Parent Child Relationship, Communication, Home Environment, Friendship, Family Interaction, Peer Relationship.