Parenting Practices Inventory


The Parenting Practices Inventory is a 17-item measure developed for this project to assess the parent's permissiveness of their discipline, the effectiveness of their discipline and the consistency of their discipline efforts. The items are coded on a 4-point scale describing specific frequency ratings ("never", "almost never", "sometimes", "often"). The measure was part of the Parent Screen for Year 1. Subsequently, it was moved to the parent summer interview for Year 2 due to concerns about the length of the parent screen.

An exploratory principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation was conducted on the normative sample of the Cohort 1 Year 1 data. Four eigenvalues greater than 1.0 were found. Examination of the scree plot showed a high first factor followed by three lower values. Examination of 2, 3, and 4-factor structures showed the 3-factor solution to yield the best findings in terms of minimizing the double loadings and providing a conceptual fit in accordance with previous results (Lochman & Conduct Problem Prevention Research Group, 1995).

It is recommended that the mean scores for the Consistency, Effectiveness and Punitiveness subscale be utilized for analyses. Results are consistent with previous factorization (Lochman & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group, in press). The subscales demonstrate adequate reliability, although, there is a moderately high correlation between the Punitiveness and Effectiveness subscales in the normative sample. Furthermore, item # 59 can be classified with either the Punitiveness or Effectiveness subscales, resulting in only very low changes in the reliability coefficients.

Dataset Names

Raw Dataset Name: PxR
Scored Dataset Name: PPIySPc


Parent Child Relationship, Parenting Skills, Discipline, Obedience, Punishment, Parental Authority.