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Teacher Observation of Child Adaptation-Revised (TOCA-R)

Fast Track obtained permission to use this measure in our study, but we are not allowed to distribute it. To obtain a copy for your use, click here and contact the source listed.


The Teacher Observation of Child Adaptation-Revised (TOCA-R) was actually one of the two parts of the Social Health Profile. Only the TOCA-R was given to teachers by interviewers in the fall of 1991. This measure was originally a 16-item questionnaire. Teachers were asked to complete one for each student in their class as a way to identify high-risk children. Teachers were asked to describe, among other things, whether the child completed assignments, was friendly, broke rules, was disobedient, fought, yelled at others, or was liked or disliked. Teachers used a scale of 0 to 5, with responses including almost never (0), rarely (1), sometimes (2), often (3), very often (4), almost always (5).

Four of the 16 items needed to be reverse-scored so that the scoring for all of the items remained consistent, with a high score indicating that the behavior occurred often. These four reversed items were: completes assignments(1), is friendly (2), is self-reliant (8), and is on task (13).

Subscales created are: Overt Aggression, Oppositional, Covert Antisocial, and Authority Acceptance. These four subscales were created for this measure for year 1. For each scale, the items were summed and then the mean was taken across the items in the scale.

Analysts should note that two of the subscales showed a fairly normal distribution for both the normative and high-risk samples. These subscales were the Oppositional Subscale and the Authority Acceptance Subscale. The Overt Aggression Subscale was normally distributed for the high-risk sample but was positively skewed for the normative sample.

Finally, the subscale Covert Antisocial Subscale showed a floor effect for the normative sample, with 45% of the children scoring a 0 on this scale, which was the lowest possible score. Another 23% of the children in the normative sample scored between a zero and 1 on the scale.

Keywords: Attentional Skills, Academic Performance, Aggressive Behavior, Social Withdrawal, Prosocial Behavior, Antisocial, Oppositional, Affective Behavior, Social Competence, Social Skills, Peer Relationships, Smoking, Drug Use, School Retention

Administration History

See study years administered.

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18 November 2003