Teacher Observation of Child Adaptation-Revised (TOCA-R)
Track obtained permission to use this measure in our study, but
we are not allowed to distribute it. To obtain a copy for your use,
here and contact the source listed.
The Teacher Observation of Child Adaptation-Revised (TOCA-R)
was actually one of the two parts of the Social Health Profile.
Only the TOCA-R was given to teachers by interviewers in the fall
of 1991. This measure was originally a 16-item questionnaire. Teachers
were asked to complete one for each student in their class as a
way to identify high-risk children. Teachers were asked to describe,
among other things, whether the child completed assignments, was
friendly, broke rules, was disobedient, fought, yelled at others,
or was liked or disliked. Teachers used a scale of 0 to 5, with
responses including almost never (0), rarely (1), sometimes (2),
often (3), very often (4), almost always (5).
Four of the 16 items needed to be reverse-scored so that the scoring
for all of the items remained consistent, with a high score indicating
that the behavior occurred often. These four reversed items were:
completes assignments(1), is friendly (2), is self-reliant (8),
and is on task (13).
Subscales created are: Overt Aggression, Oppositional, Covert Antisocial,
and Authority Acceptance. These four subscales were created for
this measure for year 1. For each scale, the items were summed and
then the mean was taken across the items in the scale.
Analysts should note that two of the subscales showed a fairly
normal distribution for both the normative and high-risk samples.
These subscales were the Oppositional Subscale and the Authority
Acceptance Subscale. The Overt Aggression Subscale was normally
distributed for the high-risk sample but was positively skewed for
the normative sample.
Finally, the subscale Covert Antisocial Subscale showed a floor
effect for the normative sample, with 45% of the children scoring
a 0 on this scale, which was the lowest possible score. Another
23% of the children in the normative sample scored between a zero
and 1 on the scale.
Keywords: Attentional Skills, Academic Performance, Aggressive
Behavior, Social Withdrawal, Prosocial Behavior, Antisocial, Oppositional,
Affective Behavior, Social Competence, Social Skills, Peer Relationships,
Smoking, Drug Use, School Retention
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18 November 2003