Parent Child Communication – Parent

Adapted from the Revised Parent-Adolescent Communication Form of the Pittsburgh Youth Study (see Loeber, Farrington, Stouthamer-Loeber, & van Kammen, 1998; Thornberry, Huizinga, & Loeber, 1995). Pittsburgh Youth Study, The Department of Psychiatry of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.

Abstract: Parent-Child Communication - Parent is a 20-item measure which assesses primary caregivers' perceptions of their openness to communication and their children's communication skills. The answers are coded along 5-point scales where 1 represents "almost never" and 5 represents "almost always." Two different methods for scaling will be presented. Each scale score was calculated by taking an average of the items comprising the scale. None of the observations were missing 50% or more data. The primary scaling procedure follows the method used in the Technical Report generated on Grade 4 (McMahon, Jones, & Kim, 1997), generating a Parent Communication and a Child Communication scale. An alternate scaling procedure was informed by exploratory factor analyses on the Normative sample, conducted separately for parent and child items. A more detailed discussion of the alternate scaling procedure can be found in the addendum. To be consistent with the previous technical report, the general Parent and Child Communication scales should be used. For analysts interested in the distinction between children's listening skills and their openness with their parent, the alternate scales will be most useful. Note that item 20 ("Do you and your child come to a solution when you solve a problem?") involves both the parent and child. It is used as part of the Child Communication scale in the primary scaling, but in the Parent Communication scale in the alternate scaling. Similar constructs, although measured by different combinations of items, can be found on the Parent-Child Communication, Parent Report measure.

Who Completed this Measure?: Parent

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 28 | age 33-34

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 28 | age 33-34

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 28 | age 33-34

Technical Reports:

Raw Dataset Name: PyX

Scored Dataset Name: PCPySPc

Communication, Discipline, Empathy, Parent Child Relationship, Positive Parenting, Punishment, Rewards

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

Obtain Measure:
Download the measure here

SAS Code for Scale Creation:
Download the code here

Measure Items and Scales:

site Study Site
tcid Study ID Number
cohort Cohort
intid Interviewer ID Number
respond Respondent
P11Xc1 You can discuss your beliefs with your child without embarrassment
P11Xc2 Your child is a good listener
P11Xc3 Your child can tell how you feel
P11Xc4 You are satisfied with how your child talks with you
P11Xc5 Your child tries to understand your point of view
P11Xc6 You do not discuss certain things with your child
P11Xc7 You discuss child-related problems with your child
P11Xc8 Your child insults you when angry
P11Xc9 You can tell your child how you really feel
P11Xc10 Your child tells you about personal problems
P11Xc11 Your child keeps feelings to self
P11Xc12 Your child hides being angry
P11Xc13 You encourage your child to think and talk about things
P11Xc14 When your child is upset it is difficult to understand his/her feelings
P11Xc15 Your child lets things pile up without dealing with them
P11Xc16 Your child lets you know what is bothering him/her
P11Xc17 You do not discuss certain topics with your child
P11Xc18 Your child admits mistakes without hiding them
P11Xc19 You allow your child to have a say even if you disagree
P11Xc20 You and your child come to solutions about problems
sitecode Sitecode
P11XC11r Your child keeps his/her feelings to self--reversed
P11XC12r Your child hides being angry--reversed
P11XC15r Your child lets things pile up without dealing with them--reversed
PCP11PAC PCP Parent Communication - PCP Y11
PCP11PRT PCP Parent Restricted Topics - PCP Y11
PCP11CEL PCP Child Empathy/Listening - PCP Y11
PCP11CEE PCP Child Emotional Expression - PCP Y11