Parenting Practices Inventory
Abstract: The Parenting Practices Inventory is a 17-item measure developed for this project to assess the parent's permissiveness of their discipline, the effectiveness of their discipline and the consistency of their discipline efforts. The items are coded on a 4-point scale describing specific frequency ratings ("never", "almost never", "sometimes", "often"). The measure was part of the Parent Screen for Year 1. Subsequently, it was moved to the parent summer interview for Year 2 due to concerns about the length of the parent screen. An exploratory principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation was conducted on the normative sample of the Cohort 1 Year 1 data. Four eigenvalues greater than 1.0 were found. Examination of the scree plot showed a high first factor followed by three lower values. Examination of 2, 3, and 4-factor structures showed the 3-factor solution to yield the best findings in terms of minimizing the double loadings and providing a conceptual fit in accordance with previous results (Lochman & Conduct Problem Prevention Research Group, 1995). It is recommended that the mean scores for the Consistency, Effectiveness and Punitiveness subscale be utilized for analyses. Results are consistent with previous factorization (Lochman & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group, in press). The subscales demonstrate adequate reliability, although, there is a moderately high correlation between the Punitiveness and Effectiveness subscales in the normative sample. Furthermore, item # 59 can be classified with either the Punitiveness or Effectiveness subscales, resulting in only very low changes in the reliability coefficients.
Who Completed this Measure?: Parent
Cohort 1 - Administrative History
- Year 01 | K | age 6
Cohort 2 - Administrative History
- Year 01 | K | age 6
Raw Dataset Name: PxR
Scored Dataset Name: PPIySPc
Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes
Download the measure here
SAS Code for Scale Creation:
Download the code here
Measure Items and Scales:
|Child's ID Number
|Year of Participation in Study
|How Often Give Up Trying to Get TC to Do Something?
|How Often Parent Loses Temper?
|How Often Does Punishment Work?
|Can TC Get Parent to Change Punishment?
|After Punishment, Does TC Get Worse?
|How Often Does TC Get Away w/ Things?
|Feel It's Too Much Trouble to Punish?
|How Often Do You Have to Spank Child?
|How Often Have Difficulty Controlling TC
|How Often Decide Not to Punish TC?
|How Often Do You Yell at Your Child?
|How Often Punishment Improves Behavior?
|How Often Does TC Avoid Rules Set Down?
|How Often Does TC Do What TC is Told?
|How Often Does TC Accept Punishment?
|How Often Have to Threaten Punishment?
|Will TC Stop Doing Something When Told?
|Flag for Missing Responses
|Reversed -How Often Does Punishment Work?
|Reversed -How Often Punishment Improves Behavior?
|Reversed -How Often Does TC Do What TC is Told?
|Reversed -How Often Does TC Accept Punishment?
|Reversed -Will TC Stop Doing Something When Told?
|Consistency Mean Score PPI Yr1
|Effectiveness Mean Score PPI Yr1
|Punitiveness Mean Score PPI Yr1