PCIT – Behavioral Coding System

Abstract: This measure is an adapted version of the Behavioral Coding System (BCS; Forehand & McMahon, 1981) and consists of 45 items. The BCS is employed during the Parent-Child Interaction Task (PCIT), which occurs in the home during the summer interview. The child interviewer serves as the observer and the parent interviewer organizes the session. The PCIT is comprised of four separate segments, which occur in the following sequence: Child's Game, Parent's Game, Lego Task, and Clean-Up. Both parent behaviors and child behaviors are recorded during each task by the child interviewer; the amount of time for each task and the total time are also recorded and used in the scoring of the subscales. BCS is used to analyze the Parent-Child Interaction Task. Three parent behaviors (total commands, positive attention, and negative attention) and two child behaviors (compliance and noncompliance) are recorded sequentially in 30-second intervals for each task. In addition, there is an interval-sampling measure of child inappropriate or disruptive behavior (whining, biting, profanity, etc.). Subscale scores are the proportion of the totals of each rated behavior across the four tasks divided by the total length of the session. Also, one other score, called alpha commands, is based on the total number of commands a parent gives. Analysts should note that only one subscale (total commands) had a fairly normal distribution. Two subscales were highly and positively skewed for both the normative and control samples: total negative attention and total disruptive behavior. The other subscales were slightly and positively skewed for both samples. Two items were fairly normally distributed for both samples: total commands for Lego Task and total commands total. Four other items were fairly normally distributed for the normative sample: alpha commands for Lego Task, alpha commands for Clean-Up, beta commands for Lego Task, and compliance for Lego Task. Total commands for Clean-Up was fairly normally distributed for the control sample. Only three items indicated a negative skewness: time or Lego Task--normative sample only, time for Clean-Up-both samples, and total time-both samples. The rest of the items were positively skewed in both samples. Several items were highly skewed for both samples: negative attention for Child's Game, negative attention for Parent's Game, negative attention for Lego Task, negative attention for Clean-Up, noncompliance for Child's Game, noncompliance for Parent's Game, noncompliance for Clean-Up, inappropriate behavior for Child's Game, inappropriate behavior for Parent's Game, inappropriate behavior for Lego Task, and inappropriate behavior total. In other words, parents and children both tended to display more positive attention, less negative attention, more compliance, less noncompliance, and less disruptive behavior during the 4 tasks of the Parent-Child Interaction Task.

Who Completed this Measure?: Observer

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 01 | K | age 6
  • Year 02 | grade 1 | age 7
  • Year 03 | grade 2 | age 8

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 01 | K | age 6
  • Year 02 | grade 1 | age 7
  • Year 03 | grade 2 | age 8

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 01 | K | age 6
  • Year 02 | grade 1 | age 7
  • Year 03 | grade 2 | age 8

Raw Dataset Name: OyE

Scored Dataset Name: BCSySOc

Keywords:
Behavior Patterns, Compliance, Parent-Child Communication, Positive Parenting, Punishment

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

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SAS Code for Scale Creation:
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Measure Items and Scales:

Scored Dataset Contents

 
TCID 4-DIGIT TCID NUMBER
COHORT COHORT NUMBER
O3E1 TOTAL COMMANDS FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E2 TOTAL COMMANDS FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E3 TOTAL COMMANDS FOR LEGO TASK
O3E4 TOTAL COMMANDS FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E5 TOTAL COMMANDS TOTAL
O3E6 ALPHA COMMANDS FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E7 ALPHA COMMANDS FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E8 ALPHA COMMANDS FOR LEGO TASK
O3E9 ALPHA COMMANDS FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E10 ALPHA COMMANDS TOTAL
O3E11 BETA COMMANDS FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E12 BETA COMMANDS FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E13 BETA COMMANDS FOR LEGO TASK
O3E14 BETA COMMANDS FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E15 BETA COMMANDS TOTAL
O3E16 POSITIVE ATTENTION FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E17 POSITIVE ATTENTION FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E18 POSITIVE ATTENTION FOR LEGO TASK
O3E19 POSITIVE ATTENTION FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E20 POSITIVE ATTENTION TOTAL
O3E21 NEGATIVE ATTENTION FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E22 NEGATIVE ATTENTION FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E23 NEGATIVE ATTENTION FOR LEGO TASK
O3E24 NEGATIVE ATTENTION FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E25 NEGATIVE ATTENTION TOTAL
O3E26 COMPLIANCE FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E27 COMPLIANCE FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E28 COMPLIANCE FOR LEGO TASK
O3E29 COMPLIANCE FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E30 COMPLIANCE COMMANDS TOTAL
O3E31 NONCOMPLIANCE FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E32 NONCOMPLIANCE FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E33 NONCOMPLIANCE FOR LEGO TASK
O3E34 NONCOMPLIANCE FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E35 NONCOMPLIANCE COMMANDS TOTAL
O3E36 INAPPROPR BEHAVIOR FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E37 INAPPROPR BEHAVIOR FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E38 INAPPROPR BEHAVIOR FOR LEGO TASK
O3E39 INAPPROPR BEHAVIOR FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E40 INAPPROPR BEHAVIOR TOTAL
O3E41 TIME FOR CHILDS GAME
O3E42 TIME FOR PARENTS GAME
O3E43 TIME FOR LEGO TASK
O3E44 TIME FOR CLEAN-UP
O3E45 TIME TOTAL
SITE SITE
bcs3tot total commands
bcs3alp total alpha commands
bcs3pos total positive attention
bcs3neg total negative attention
bcs3com total compliance
bcs3non total noncompliance
bcs3dis total disruptive behavior