Positive Parenting for Offspring

Abstract: Positive Parenting for Offspring (PPO) is a seven-item measure used to determine the amount of time, care, and attention that parents show their children, as well as their beliefs on how children should be raised.  The measure yields two scales that are represented as mean scores: the first is a positive parenting scale and the second is an authoritarian beliefs scale.  

Who Completed this Measure?: Target Child/Youth (now in adulthood)

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 28 | age 33-34

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 28 | age 33-34

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 28 | age 33-34

Technical Reports:

Raw Dataset Name: c28fp

Scored Dataset Name: PPO28

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

Measure Items and Scales:

c28fp01 How many days a week do you sit and talk with your son/daughter?
c28fp02 How much time do you spend with your child doing something special that s(he) enjoys?
c28fp03 How often do you notice when your child is doing a good job and let him/her know?
c28fp04 How often do you show your child that you like it when (s)he helps around the house?
c28fp05 Agreement with: Children should do as they are told and should be punished if they don’t
c28fp06 Agreement with: Children learn the right way to behave through love and encouragement.
c28fp07 Agreement with: Punishment is more effective than rewards in shaping a child’s behavior.
Scales Items Description
PPO28pos C28fp01-04 Positive Parenting Mean
PPO28aut C28fp (05, 6r, 7) Authoritarian Parenting Mean