School Records – Disciplinary Actions – Revised

Abstract: School Records: Disciplinary Actions - Revised is a 20-item tool used to collect information from school records about disciplinary events for a child during the previous school year. This measure was created for the Fast Track Project as a modification of both the School Archival Records Search (SARS, Walker et al., 1991) and the Sugai-Tobin archival review for kindergarten, elementary, and/or middle school (STAR, Sugai and Tobin, 2001). This measure collects the date of any event requiring discipline and the corresponding reason for the disciplinary action on that date. Seven items list reason categories: Physical Fighting/Violence, Verbal Harassment, Non-Violent Activity (such as skipping class or defying authority), Weapons Possession, Vandalism/Theft, Possession of a Controlled Substance, and Reason Missing. Response choices are "yes (1)" and "no (0)." Another group of items collects information about the consequences of the event: Low or Medium Consequence, High-Level Consequence, Suspension, Expulsion (denied entrance to school for one month or longer), and Action Missing. For suspension, the number of days is recorded. In Year 12, a "gatekeeper" question was introduced by expanding response choices for "Are there any disciplinary actions in the school record?" Aside from the responses of "Yes" (1) and "No" (0), codes for settings in which it would be inappropriate to collect disciplinary records were also available. This measure contains no subscales. For Year 12, t-tests of means of disciplinary events and consequences for the normative and control groups show significant differences for several items: the Total Number of Disciplinary Events, Fighting, Verbal Harassment, Non-Violent Events, Vandalism/Theft, and Total Number of Violent Events. Actions that show significant differences are those involving Low Consequences, High Consequences, and Suspension. Chi-square results for Year 12 suggest that a recorded occurrence of one or more disciplinary events can distinguish high-risk from normative students. Depending on the construct under investigation, disciplinary records collected with the Disciplinary Actions tool should be useful to analysts.

Who Completed this Measure?: Observer

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 12 | grade 11 | age 17
  • Year 13 | grade 12 | age 18
  • Year 14 | age 19
  • Year 15 | age 20

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 11 | grade 10 | age 16
  • Year 12 | grade 11 | age 17
  • Year 13 | grade 12 | age 18
  • Year 14 | age 19
  • Year 15 | age 20

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 10 | grade 9 | age 15
  • Year 11 | grade 10 | age 16
  • Year 12 | grade 11 | age 17
  • Year 13 | grade 12 | age 18
  • Year 14 | age 19
  • Year 15 | age 20

Technical Reports:

Raw Dataset Name: OyR

Scored Dataset Name: DARySPc

Controlled Substance Possession, Disciplinary Actions, Expulsion, Non-Violent Activity, Physical Fighting, Suspension, Theft, Vandalism, Verbal Harassment, Violence, Weapons Possession

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

Obtain Measure:
Download the measure here

SAS Code for Scale Creation:
Download the code here

Measure Items and Scales:

O12R9 Date of Action
cohort Cohort
site Study Site
tcid Study ID Number
cO12R5 Academic Year
O12R4 Is Child a Sibling of the Target Child?
O12R6 Name of the School
O12R7 Youths Grade
O12R8 Are there any disciplinary actions in their school record?
O12R10 Physical fighting/violence
O12R11 Verbal harassment-annoying, bothering or tormenting another person
O12R12 Non-violent(skipping class, defiance, disruption)
O12R13 Weapons
O12R14 Vandalism/Theft
O12R15 Possession of controlled substance
O12R16 Reason for Action Missing
O12R17 Action Taken-Low or medium consequence
O12R18 Action Taken-High level consequence
O12R19 Action Taken-Suspension out of school
O12R20 Number of days suspensed
O12R21 Action Taken-Expulsion
O12R22 Action Taken-Administrative Action Missing
O12R23 Rate the completeness of the record
O12R9s (SAS)Date of Action
sitecode Actual Sitecode Entered
TREATMNT Treatment Group (Interv/Cntl)
NORM Members of Normative Sample
tot_viol tot_viol
ctevent Count of o12r8-Events
ct10fight Count of o12r10-Fighting
ct11harass Count of o12r11-Verbal harassment
ct12nonv Count of o12r12-Non-violent
ct13weapon Count of o12r13-Weapons
ct14vandal Count of o12r14-Vandalism/theft
ct15substance Count of o12r15-Controlled substance
ct16evmiss Count of o12r16-Reason for action missing
ct17lowcon Count of o12r17-Low consequence
ct18hicon Count of o12r18-High consequence
ct19suspend Count of o12r19-Suspension
ct21expel Count of o12r21-Expulsion
ct22consmiss Count of o12r22-Consequences missing
ct_tot_viol Count of Violence-total acts