School Records – Disciplinary Actions

Abstract: School Records: Disciplinary Actions is a 18-item tool used to collect information from school records about disciplinary events for a child during the previous school year. This measure was created for the Fast Track Project as a modification of both the School Archival Records Search (SARS, Walker et al., 1991) and the Sugai-Tobin archival review for kindergarten, elementary, and/or middle school, revised (STAR, Sugai and Tobin, 2001). This measure collects the date of any event requiring discipline and the corresponding reason for the disciplinary action on that date. Seven items list reason categories: Physical Fighting/Violence, Verbal Harassment, Non-Violent Activity (such as skipping class or defying authority), Weapons Possession, Vandalism/Theft, Possession of a Controlled Substance, and Reason Missing. Response choices are "yes (1)" and "no (0)." A second group of items collect information about the consequences of the event: Low or Medium Consequence, High-Level Consequence, Suspension, Expulsion (denied entrance to school for one month or longer), and Action Missing. For suspension, the number of days is recorded. A final item asks the person collecting data to rate the completeness of the school record. Responses are: "Clearly incomplete (1), " "Possibly incomplete (2)," and "Complete (3)." This measure contains no subscales. For Year 11, t-tests of means of disciplinary events and consequences for the normative and control groups show significant differences for several items: the Total Number of Disciplinary Events, Fighting, Verbal Harassment, Non-Violent Events, and Total Number of Violent Events. Actions that show significant differences are those involving Low Consequences, High Consequences, and Suspension. Chi-square results for Year 11 suggest that a recorded occurrence of one or more disciplinary events can distinguish high-risk from normative students. Depending on the construct under investigation, disciplinary records collected with the Disciplinary Actions tool should be useful to analysts.

Who Completed this Measure?: Observer

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14
  • Year 10 | grade 9 | age 15
  • Year 11 | grade 10 | age 16

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14
  • Year 10 | grade 9 | age 15

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14

Technical Reports:

Raw Dataset Name: OyP

Scored Dataset Name: DIAySPc

Controlled Substance Possession, Disciplinary Actions, Expulsion, Non-Violent Activity, Physical Fighting, Suspension, Theft, Vandalism, Verbal Harassment, Violence, Weapons Possession

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

Obtain Measure:
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SAS Code for Scale Creation:
Download the code here

Measure Items and Scales:

O11P6 Date of action
cohort Cohort
site Study Site
tcid Study ID Number
O11P4 Is Child a Sibling of the Target Child?
O11P5 Discipline actions in school records?
O11P7 Physical fighting/violence
O11P8 Verbal harassment or tormenting a person
O11P9 Non-violent (skipping class, defiance)
O11P10 Weapons
O11P11 Vandalism/Theft
O11P12 Possession of controlled substance
O11P13 Reason for Action Missing
O11P14 Action Taken-Low or medium consequence
O11P15 Action Taken-High level consequence
O11P16 Action Taken-Suspension out of school
O11P17 Number of days suspended
O11P18 Action Taken-Expulsion
O11P19 Action Taken-Administrative Action Missing
O11P20 Action Taken-Data from setting not appropriate
O11P21 Rate the completeness of the record
sitecode Actual Sitecode Entered
TREATMNT Treatment Group (Interv/Cntl)
NORM Members of Normative Sample
tot_viol tot_viol
ctevent Count of o11p5-Events
ct7fight Count of o11p7-Fighting
ct8harass Count of o11p8-Verbal harassment
ct9nonv Count of o11p9-Non-violent
ct10weapon Count of o11p10-Weapons
ct11vandal Count of o11p11-Vandalism/theft
ct12substance Count of o11p12-Controlled substance
ct13evmiss Count of o11p13-Reason for action missing
ct14lowcon Count of o11p14-Low consequence
ct15hicon Count of o11p15-High consequence
ct16suspend Count of o11p16-Suspension
ct18expel Count of o11p18-Expulsion
ct19consmiss Count of o11p19-Consequences missing
ct_tot_viol Count of Violence-total acts