Longitudinal associations between parental warmth, harsh discipline, child emotion regulation, and ODD dimensions.
Yu, R. A., Goulter, N., & McMahon, R. J. (2021). Longitudinal associations between parental warmth, harsh discipline, child emotion regulation, and ODD dimensions. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01205-7 PMID: 34148149
Abstract: Research has yet to investigate the mediating role of emotion regulation in the relation between parental warmth and harsh discipline with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Further, few studies have investigated ODD as both a unitary construct and as three distinct dimensions (anger, defiance, spitefulness). Thus, the present study aimed to investigate child emotion regulation (grade 2) as a mediator of the relation between parental warmth and harsh discipline (kindergarten, grade 1, grade 2) and ODD and its dimensions (grade 3). Participants included the high-risk and normative samples from the Fast Track project (N=753, male=58%, Black=46%). Constructs were assessed using observation and parent and teacher reports. Although results demonstrated an absence of indirect effects, emotion regulation was negatively associated with overall ODD and anger and defiance, but not spitefulness. Findings illustrate how increased attention toward the study of ODD as distinct dimensions contributes to our ability to parse out heterogeneity among children with the disorder.