About My Parent

Adapted from the Positive Parenting and Discipline measures of the Pittsburgh Youth Study (see Thornberry, Huizinga, & Loeber, 1995). Pittsburgh Youth Study, The Department of Psychiatry of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.

Abstract: The About My Parent questionnaire is a 17-item measure which assesses children's perceptions of their primary caregivers' parenting responses when they engage in pleasing and displeasing behavior. The first 8 items are drawn from the Discipline measure, and are used to assess the frequency with which parents use different disciplinary strategies for the infraction of family rules. The last 9 items, drawn from the Positive Parenting measure, provide the youth's report on the frequency with which their parent provides positive praise and reinforcement when they do something that the parent approves of. All items are rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 (almost never) to 5 (almost always). Two different methods for scaling will be presented. The primary scaling procedure was derived from exploratory factor analyses on the Normative sample, conducted separately for the Discipline and Positive Parenting items. A more detailed discussion of the primary scaling procedure can be found in the addendum. The alternate scaling was constructed to closely parallel the algorithms used by Loeber and his colleagues in the Pittsburgh Youth Study's "Positive Parenting/Low Reinforcement" construct. It includes items from both the parent and youth versions of this measure, both combined and in separate scales. Although our alternate scale comprises the same items as their scale, our measure uses a 5-point response scale, whereas theirs utilized a 3-point response scale. Each scale score is derived from the mean of the items that compose it, with the exception of Low Reinforcement, which is the sum of the means of the parent and youth reports. This measure was scaled so as to create identical scales as those generated by the parent's report on the Parenting (Primary Caregiver) measure. Note that this scaling is different from what was used in the original Technical Report written by McMahon, Jones, & Kim (1997). The current scales are preferred because they are more specific. Although Item 8 ("Tell you to get out or lock you out of the house for a while") has low variability, it was retained in the Harsh Discipline scale due to its consistency with more punitive forms of discipline.

Who Completed this Measure?: Target Child/Youth (now in adulthood)

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 05 | grade 4 | age 10
  • Year 06 | grade 5 | age 11
  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 05 | grade 4 | age 10
  • Year 06 | grade 5 | age 11
  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 05 | grade 4 | age 10
  • Year 06 | grade 5 | age 11
  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14

Technical Reports:

Raw Dataset Name: CyQ

Scored Dataset Name: AMPySCc

Communication, Discipline, Positive Parenting, Punishment, Rewards

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

Obtain Measure:
Download the measure here

SAS Code for Scale Creation:
Download the code here

Measure Items and Scales:

tcid Child ID Number
site Study Site
cohort Cohort
INTID Interviewer ID Number
C9AKP1 Take away privilege
C9AKP2 Send to room/Time out
C9AKP3 Yell or scold
C9AKP4 Calmly discuss misbehavior
C9AKP5 Ignore misbehavior
C9AKP6 Spank
C9AKP7 Slap or hit
C9AKP8 Lock out of home
C9AKP9 Ignore good behavior
C9AKP10 Smile or wink
C9AKP11 Praise
C9AKP12 Physical affection
C9AKP13 Reward
C9AKP14 Give special privilege
C9AKP15 Do something special
C9AKP16 Tell someone
C9AKP17 Ask why not always good
SITECODE Actual Code Number on Form
c9akp9r Reversed-Ignore good behavior
c9akp10r Reversed-Smile or wink
c9akp11r Reversed-Praise
c9akp12r Reversed-Physical affection
c9akp13r Reversed-Reward
c9akp14r Reversed-Give special privilege
c9akp15r Reversed-Do something special
c9akp16r Reversed-Tell someone
P9ABP9 Like Behavior-Ignore
P9ABP10 Like Behavior-Smile
P9ABP11 Like Behavior-Praise
P9ABP12 Like Behavior-Physical Affection
P9ABP13 Like Behavior-Reward
P9ABP14 Like Behavior-Special Privilege
P9ABP15 Like Behavior-Do Something Special
P9ABP16 Like Behavior-Tell Someone
p9abp10r Reversed-Like Behavior-Smile
p9abp11r Reversed-Like Behavior-Praise
p9abp12r Reversed-Like Behavior-Physical Affection
p9abp13r Reversed-Like Behavior-Reward
p9abp14r Reversed-Like Behavior-Special Privilege
p9abp15r Reversed-Like Behavior-Do Something Special
p9abp16r Reversed-Like Behavior-Tell Someone
AMP9APD Appropriate Discipline-AMP-Yr 9
AMP9HAD Harsh Discipline-AMP-Yr 9
AMP9PAT Positive Attention-AMP-Yr 9
AMP9TRW Tangible Rewards-AMP-Yr 9
AMP9LRY Low Reinforcement(Youth)-AMP-Yr 9
AMP9LRP Low Reinforcement(Parent)-AMP-Yr 9
AMP9LRT Low Reinforcement-Combined-AMP-Yr 9)