School Adjustment – Child

Abstract: The School Adjustment - Child questionnaire is a 20-item scale that evaluates children's perceptions of their current adjustment to school. The questionnaire also asks if the child has changed schools. This measure was created for the Fast Track Project. Each item on the questionnaire contains a statement about a school experience; for example, "I stayed out of trouble with teachers and disciplinarians at school." The child selects the response that estimates how true each statement is for the past school year. Questionnaire items include statements about academic performance, discipline problems, and interactions with other students and staff. Response choices include: "Never True" (1), "Seldom True" (2), "Sometimes True" (3), "Usually True" (4), and "Always True" (5). A parent version of this measure was also administered to parents of children involved in the Fast Track Project. (See the separate technical report for School Adjustment - Parent.) The parent version and the child version have 12 items in common. A previous study of this meaure (Maumary-Gremaud, 2000) identified three subscales: Relationships with Other Students, Academic and Disciplinary Difficulties, and General Aspects about the School and Teachers. The ordering of responses in some items was reversed before scoring to provide consistency among all the item responses. Higher scores indicate better school adjustment; lower scores indicate poorer adjustment. The Relationships with Other Students subscale has a ceiling effect in the normative sample, with 51% of scores at or above 4.66. In the control group, Relationships with Other Students has a slight negative skew, with 41% of the scores at or above 4.66. T-tests of means for all subscales on this measure show significant differences between the normative and control groups. Correlations among subscales are moderate and all three subscales also have moderate internal consistency. Depending on the construct of interest, these subscales should be useful to analysts.

Who Completed this Measure?: select one

Cohort 1 - Administrative History

  • Year 07 | grade 6 | age 12
  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14
  • Year 10 | grade 9 | age 15

Cohort 2 - Administrative History

  • Year 07 | grade 6 | age 12
  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14
  • Year 10 | grade 9 | age 15

Cohort 3 - Administrative History

  • Year 07 | grade 6 | age 12
  • Year 08 | grade 7 | age 13
  • Year 09 | grade 8 | age 14
  • Year 10 | grade 9 | age 15

Technical Reports:

Raw Dataset Name: CyY

Scored Dataset Name: SACySCc

Academic Performance, Peer Relationships, School Discipline, School Satisfaction, School Transition

Is this Measure Available for Public Use?: Yes

Obtain Measure:
Download the measure here

SAS Code for Scale Creation:
Download the code here

Measure Items and Scales:

SITE Site Name
TCID Child ID Number
C8Y1 School year difficult
C8Y2 Easy time handling academic demands
C8Y3 Got along with friends
C8Y4 Other kids hit/made fun of me
C8Y5 Stayed out of trouble
C8Y6 I had a good year at school
C8Y7 School work was really hard
C8Y8 I had a hard time making friends
C8Y9 Other kids tried to make me do bad thing
C8Y10 I got into trouble this year
C8Y11 I liked the new things about school
C8Y12 I did not do well in academics
C8Y13 I did not have many friends
C8Y14 Other kids bothered my this year
C8Y15 Teachers were on me because I broke rule
C8Y16 People treat me well at my school
C8Y17 Teachers do not care about kids
C8Y18 Kids will succeed at my school
C8Y19 Bad things happen to me at school
C8Y20 School is fun
sac8frd School adj child: friends problems Yr 8
sac8dif School adj child: difficulties Yr 8
sac8gen School adj child: general facts Yr 8